There are two techniques for tree felling; sectioning/sectional felling and directional felling. Each process involves the eventual removal of a tree from the stump upward but the system applied for each differs somewhat significantly.
Sectioning or section felling involves the complete dissembling of a tree into sections before removing the waste. To safely execute such a task involves the use of lowering ropes and swings. The largest tree limbs are cut off first and lowered from the top down using lowering ropes before the complete removal of any other branches. The trunk is then dismantled and removed in sections. Sectioning or section felling is more commonly used on projects being carried in small or tight spaces or when there is a potential for property damage.
Directional felling can be less timely than section felling due to the direct approach of the technique. The procedure entails cutting a tree from its base and allowing it to fall to the ground in a controlled and safe manner into a suitable landing zone. Lowering ropes and swings are also used to assist and guide the tree on its descent. A directional fell is more commonly carried out in woodland and forests or in areas where there is enough space for the tree to be felled without the risk of damage to the surrounding area. However, it is also possible for smaller trees to be felled in larger domestic gardens or properties.
Tree thinning is a large-scale operation in which mature or problematic trees are completely removed from overcrowded or dense forest areas. When trees reach a certain age they begin to compete for sunlight and rainwater, which in turn has a detrimental effect on fledgling trees. Once the older trees are removed their younger counterparts can take advantage of the nutrients on offer as well as the extra space made from the thinning of their neighbours. Although thinning may also be employed as a way of increasing the natural resistance to environmental hazards such as drought, infestation or extreme weather.
Whilst hedge trimming can seem a fairly pedestrian process there are various factors in play which ought to require the help of an experienced professional. Not only are high-powered and dangerous equipment, such as chainsaws, needed but there are also some hedge types up and down the UK which could pose potential health risks due to their poisonous nature.
Aesthetically speaking, hedge trimming should be seen as a skill or art form, not just something quickly applied on the first hot day of the year. When employing trained and competent individuals they can apply their knowledge and experience to achieve the very best results.
Pruning Garden Clearance
Following the activity of pruning, it is essential to commence pruning garden clearance. After tending to a garden or a property’s hedge, shrubs or bushes, the clearance of what remains ought to be done in an environmentally friendly fashion. Any garden waste, such as leaves, twigs or branches must be disposed of by way of local council policy. A professional arboricultural service will have the means and methods of doing so whilst causing little or minimum environmental impact.
Dead Wooding Lopping
If a tree begins to look unwell there is a good chance that it may need dead-wooding before it’s too late. It isn’t always easy to spot deadwood on trees there are a few tell-tale signs to look for to indicate its presence. Leafless branches in the spring or summer months, large fungus growing up the stem and exposed bark on otherwise healthy trunks are all indicators of deadwood and could signal danger for the long-term wellbeing of a tree.
Whilst some instances of deadwood can be deemed as insignificant, if there is any potential danger from falling limbs or branches then dead-wooding should be undertaken to prevent as much. The skill of dead-wooding involves the complete eradication of problematic limbs or branches by a highly competent arboricultural professional who is trained in the field and can work safely at height whilst using high-powered machinery.
As some species of trees have no growth ceiling, topping may be carried out to reduce the tree size. The tree topping process involves the entire removal of the top branches of the tree’s crown to simply make it shorter. It is widely considered by the arborist industry that thinning should always be considered before committing to topping as the shock sustained can damage the tree permanently and may also lead to fungus or tree infections. Which subsequently could cost even more to fix in the long run. However, in the case of exceptionally large trees that are causing an issue, topping them with a chainsaw is your best course of action.
Whether in a garden or a park, a beautifully kept tree is always welcome. However, for the tree to retain its spirit and beauty, its upkeep is key. Crown thinning is a vital aspect of tree maintenance and the process ought to be carried out diligently.
Every tree no matter its size or age will have a crown. The crown is made up of branches and leaves that grow from the main trunk. The art of crown thinning lies in the deft removal of smaller, tangled, dead and overgrown branches that have affected the natural structure of the tree crown. Once removed or thinned, a more evenly balanced crown structure will allow for sunlight, water and air to reach the tree’s interior to boost its vitality and help maintain all-round tree health. A good example of the benefits of crown thinning can be found in the maintenance of fruit trees as the process enables the fruits to grow.
Not only does crown thinning benefit the tree but it could also help brighten up your garden too, as the thinning of overreaching branches could aid the sun in lighting up parts of your premises it was previously unable to reach.
Sometimes the crown of a tree can cause several problems, in particular for domestic properties. This could mean anything from access to a parking space being obscured or a pathway becoming hazardous. To overcome such issues, crown lifting could be undertaken.
The process of crown lifting involves the complete removal of branches from the lower section of the tree crown. Following a successful crown lift, the canopy of the tree crown – which is the layer of leaves and branches that cover the ground – is cleared to a new height. Similar to crown thinning, crown lifting can also help increase airflow to the inner branches and leaves of a tree to improve its health and also that of any plants, hedges or shrubberies that may be surrounding it.
When the shape and height of a tree’s crown become unsightly, the process of crown reduction ought to be considered. However, the crown reduction shouldn’t just mean the removal of overgrown sections of the tree crown. It ought to be a methodically planned practice which results in the strategic shortening of particular twigs and branches, usually on the uppermost portion of the crown, to maintain or decrease the tree height.
When carried out correctly, crown reduction helps to restore the natural shape and size of a tree whilst ensuring the tree’s future growth will be strong and vibrant due to the attentive pruning of the branches previously
Safety pruning is the act of pruning a tree, hedge or shrubbery to meet arboriculture standards and to ensure the safekeeping of gardens, public spaces or places of work. Whilst it could be considered somewhat an umbrella term for the overall safe conditioning of various arboriculture aspects, a more concentrated definition could define the practice of safety pruning as work carried at ground level. This could include the reduction of thorny, overgrown hedgerows or the pruning of poisonous shrubs or bushes.
If the various practices of crown trimming aren’t viable perhaps the removal of a tree is needed. The techniques and methods by which trees are removed can vary due to the nature and variations of tree that exists. Other factors can include height, shape, size or location. For instance, a forty-foot tree in all its fullness during the peak of spring may need more time spent on it than one-half its size during the cold depths of winter.
The complete removal of a tree may be needed for many different reasons such as for health and safety, building subsidence, in response to nuisances covered by the law, like the obstruction of a road, high street or train line or in keeping with arboricultural standards.
If a tree has previously been felled and the stump remains then it is good practice to remove it. Especially if the reason for removing the tree primarily was due to concerns over building subsidence, as the roots of the tree will remain and could continue to cause a problem.
The most effective method of stump removal is by grinding the stump using a high-powered stump grinding machine. By employing such machinery the risk of ground disturbance is considerably reduced when compared to more labour-intensive practices such as diggers or mechanical winches. It is also more cost-friendly and less time-consuming than digging by hand.
When healthy trees begin to pose potential dangers then cable bracing is employed to prevent accidents from happening. The technique involves looping cables made from durable materials such as polyamide and polyester around weakened branches to bind them to stronger sections of the tree trunk or stem. This method differs greatly from past practices in which an eye bolt would be attached to each end of the cable for it to then be screwed directly into the tree trunk to form a link. Whilst somewhat effective this method of bracing can not be achieved without creating a wound in the tree’s stem. Aside from the damage initially caused, over time there’s a risk of rot and decay emerging around the eye bolt and causing permanent damage to the tree and potentially causing it to fail.
Cable bracing is the most popular method when structural support for an ageing or damaged tree is needed. However, it can also be used when a tree fork or V-shape occurs. This can pose a particularly hazardous situation as the weaker stem that forms the fork or V-shape will eventually snap.
Due to the important nature of cable bracing, there are several details which need to be considered. Firstly, the species of the tree should be taken into account, as should its condition as this could have an effect on which system is used. Finally, how often the cable brace should be checked following the work is also very important.
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